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Türkçe ve Yabancı Diller ve English Forum Forumunda The Infinitive konu anlatımı Konusunu Okuyorsunuz..
  1. Suskun Karizma
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    The Infinitive konu anlatımı








    The Infinitive konu anlatımı


    to-infinitive is used:
    · after certain verbs. e.g. want, wish, agree, fail, mean, decide, learn
    · after the auxiliaries to be to, to have to, and ought to
    · in the pattern 'it is + adjective + to-infinitive'
    Examples
    with 'to'
    · The elephant decided to marry the mouse
    · The mouse agreed to marry the elephant
    · You will have to ask her
    · You are to leave immediately
    · He ought to relax
    · She has to go to Berlin next week
    · It's easy to speak English
    · It is hard to change jobs after twenty years
    · It's stupid to believe everything you hear
    without 'to'
    · I would rather visit Rome.
    · She would rather live in Italy.
    · Would you rather eat steak or fish?
    · He would rather work in a bank.
    · I'd rather be a forest than a tree.
    Zero infinitive
    The zero infinitive is used:
    1. after most auxiliaries (e.g. must, can, should, may, might)
    2. after verbs of perception, (e.g. see, hear, feel) with the pattern verb + object + zero infinitive
    3. after the verbs 'make' and 'let', with the pattern make/let + object + zero infinitive
    4. after the expression 'had better'
    5. after the expression 'would rather' when referring to the speaker's own actions
    After auxiliaries:
    · She can't speak to you.
    · He should give her some money.
    · Shall I talk to him?
    · Would you like a cup of coffee?
    · I might stay another night in the hotel.
    · They must leave before 10.00 a.m.
    negative infinitive
    NEGATIVE INFINITIVE
    To form the negative infinitive, place not before the to-or zero infinitive:
    e.g. not to worry:
    It's hard not to worry about exams.
    Examples
    · I decided not to go to London.
    · He asked me not to be late.
    · Elephants ought not to marry mice.
    · You'd better not smile at the crocodile.
    · I'd rather not eat meat.
    INFINITIVE AFTER QUESTION WORDS
    These verbs: ask, decide, explain, forget, know, show, tell, understand,can be followed by a question word such as where, how, what, who, whenor 'whether' + the 'to-infinitive'.
    Examples
    · She asked me how to use the washing machine.
    · Do you understand what to do?
    · Tell me when to press the button.
    · I've forgotten where to put this little screw.
    · I can't decide whether to wear the red dress or the black one.
    The question word Why is followed by the zero infinitive in suggestions:
    Examples
    · Why wait until tomorrow?
    · Why not ask him now?
    · Why walk when we can go in the car?
    · Why not buy a new bed for your bedroom?
    · Why leave before the end of the game?
    · Why not spend a week in Beirut and a week in Baghdad

    FUNCTION
    The most common uses of the infinitive are:
    To indicate the purpose or intention of an action (where the 'to' has the same meaning as 'in order to' or 'so as to'):
    · She's gone to collect her pay cheque.
    · The three bears went into the forest to find firewood.
    As the subject of the sentence:
    · To be or not to be, that is the question.
    · To know her is to love her.
    (Note: this is more common in written English than spoken)
    With nouns or pronouns, to indicate what something can be used for, or what is to be done with it:
    · Would you like something to drink?
    · I haven't anything to wear.
    · The children need a garden to play in.
    After adjectives in these patterns:
    · It is + adjective +to-infinitiveIt is good to talk
    · It is + adjective + infinitive + for someone + to-infinitive.It is hard for elephants to see mice
    · It is + adjective + infintive + of someone + to-infinitive.It is unkind of her to say that.
    After an adjective + noun when a comment or judgement is being made:
    · It was a stupid place to park the car.
    · This is the right thing to do.
    · It was an astonishing way to behave.
    With too and enough in these patterns:
    too much/many (+ noun) + to-infinitive
    · There's too much sugar to put in this bowl.
    · I had too many books to carry.
    too + adjective + to-infinitive
    · This soup is too hot to eat.
    · She was too tired to work.
    too + adverb + to-infinitive
    · He arrived too late to see the actors.
    enough (+ noun) + to-infinitive
    · I've had enough (food) to eat.
    adjective + enough + to-infinitive
    · She's old enough to make up her own mind.
    not enough (+noun) + to-infinitive
    · There isn't enough snow to ski on.
    not + adjective + enough + to-infinitive
    · You're not old enough to have grand-children!THE INFINITIVE OTHER FORMS
    The infinitive can have the following forms:
    · The perfect infinitive
    · The continuous infinitive
    · The perfect continuous infinitive
    · The passive infinitive
    NOTE: as with the present infinitive, there are situations where the to is omitted, e.g. after most modal auxiliaries.
    The perfect infinitive:[/c]to have + past participle, e.g. to have broken, to have seen, to have saved.
    This form is most commonly found in Type 3 conditional sentences, using the conditional perfect, e.g. If I had known you were coming I would have baked a cake.
    Examples
    · Someone must have broken the window and climbed in.
    · I would like to have seen the Taj Mahal when I was in India.
    · He pretended to have seen the film.
    · If I'd seen the ball I would have caught it.The continuous infinitive:to be + present participle, e.g.to be swimming, to be joking, to be waiting
    Examples
    · I'd really like to be swimming in a nice cool pool right now.
    · You must be joking!
    · I happened to be waiting for the bus when the accident happened.The perfect continuous infinitive:to have been + present participle
    Examples
    · to have been crying
    · to have been waiting
    · to have been painting
    · The woman seemed to have been crying.
    · You must have been waiting for hours!
    · He pretended to have been painting all day.The passive infinitive:to be + past participle, e.g. to be given, to be shut, to be opened
    Examples
    · I am expecting to be given a pay-rise next month.
    · These doors should be shut.
    · This window ought to be opened.VERBS NORMALLY FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVE
    A. The to-infinitive is used after the verbs in this group, without a preceding noun. The verbs marked * can also be followed by a 'that-clause'
    Example:
    VERB [/c]TO-INFINITIVE I hope to see you next week. THAT- CLAUSE I hope that I'll see you next week List of verbs normally followed by the infinitive
    afford
    agree1
    aim
    appear1
    arrange1
    bother
    care
    claim1
    condescend
    consent
    decide1
    demand1
    determine1
    endeavour [/c]fail
    guarantee1
    happen 1
    hasten
    have (= be obliged)
    hesitate
    hope1
    learn
    long
    manage
    offer
    prepare
    pretend1
    proceed promise1
    propose
    prove (= turn out)
    refuse resolve1
    seek
    seem1
    strive
    swear1
    tend
    threaten1
    trouble
    undertake
    volunteer
    vow1
    1 These verbs can only be followed by a 'that-clause' when they have the subject 'it'.
    Example
    · It appeared that no-one had locked the door.
    Examples:
    · He claimed to be an expert.
    · I managed to reach the top of the hill.
    · I know you're only pretending to love me!
    · Don't pretend that you know the answer.
    · She failed to explain the problem clearly.
    · The customs man demanded to search our luggage.
    · I can't afford to go out tonight.
    VERBS NORMALLY FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVE
    B. These are the most common of the verbs that are normally followed by a noun + infinitive. The verbs marked * may also be followed by a 'that-clause'.
    Example
    VERB [/c]NOUN INFINITIVE He reminded me to buy some eggs. THAT-CLAUSE He remindedme that I had to buy some eggs.
    accustom
    aid
    appoint
    assist
    cause
    challenge
    command*
    defy
    direct*
    drive
    empower
    enable
    encourage
    entice [/c]entitle
    entreat
    force
    get
    implore*
    incite
    induce
    inspire
    instruct*
    invite
    lead
    leave (make someone responsible)
    oblige order*
    persuade*
    press
    prompt
    provoke
    remind*
    require*
    stimulate
    summon
    teach
    tell
    tempt
    trust*
    warn* Notes:
    * command, direct, entreat, implore, order, require, trust:
    there is no noun between these verbs and a 'that-clause':
    · The general commanded his men to surrender.
    · The general commanded that his men should surrender.
    persuade and remind:
    there is always a noun between these verbs and a 'that-clause':
    · You can't persuade people to buy small cars.
    · You can't persuade people that small cars are better.
    instruct, teach, warn:
    the noun is optional between these verbs and a 'that-clause':
    · She taught her students to appreciate poetry.
    · She taught her students that poetry was valuable.
    · She taught that poetry was valuable.
    Examples
    · The professor challenged his students to argue with his theory.
    · This law empowers the government to charge more taxes.
    · You can't force me to do something I don't agree with.
    · You are obliged to drive on the left in England.
    · I invited the new student to have dinner with me.
    · What inspired you to write this poem?
    · The elephant told the mouse to climb up his tail.

    VERBS NORMALLY FOLLOWED BY THE INFINITIVE
    C. These are the most common of the verbs followed by a to-infinitive, with or without a noun.
    Example
    · I asked him to show me the book.
    · I asked to see the book.
    ask*
    beg*
    choose
    dare
    desire*
    elect [/c]expect*
    help
    mean* (=intend)
    request*
    want
    wish* The verbs marked * can also be followed by a that-clause
    Note:
    dare: In negative and interrogative sentences the infinitive with or without 'to' is possible, though it is more common to omit the 'to':
    · I never dared tell him what happened.
    · Dare you tell him the news?
    · Would you dare (to) jump out of a plane?
    Examples
    We've chosen John to represent the company at the conference.
    · The driver didn't try to stop after the accident.
    · We expect you to do your best in the exam.
    · Do you want to go to the beach?
    · Do you want me to go with you to the beach?
    · You are requested to be quiet in this library.








  2. Nesrin
    Devamlı Üye





    İngilizce dili dünya da en çok kullanılan dillerden biridir. bu dil hatta dünmüya dili olarak kabul edilmektedir. bunun dışında öğrenimi de kolay olan bi,r dildir. bu dilin bir çok özelliği türkçe ile benzer olsa da genel olarak farklılıkları çok daha fazladır.




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